About

There are some places that you never want to see the insides of. These are the places sought out in Architecture of Authority. The photographs capture spaces both notorious and innocuous, from FBI Headquarters to high school corridors and office spaces.

Architecture of Authority is a body of unsettling pictures of architectural spaces that exert power over the individuals within them. From a Montessori preschool to churches, mosques and diverse civic spaces including a Swedish courtroom, the Iraqi National Assembly hall and the United Nations. The images build to ever harsher manifestations of power: an interrogation room at Guantanamo, segregation cells at Abu Ghraib, and finally, a capital punishment death chamber.

The connections among the various architectures are striking. The Santa Barbara Mission confessional and the LAPD robbery homicide interrogation rooms are the same intimate proportions. Both are made to solicit a confession in exchange for some form of redemption.”

Published in 2007 by Aperture Press. With an essay by Harper’s Magazine publisher, John R. MacArthur

Architecture of Authority | Published by Aperture Foundation 2007

Holding Cells, Joint Task Force | Guantanamo, Cuba 2006

Citadel | Aleppo, Syria 2006

Seventieth Precinct house, New York Police Department | Brooklyn, New York 2006

Set of Law and Order | New York 2006

Set of Law and Order C.I. | Culver City, California 2006

Set of Law and Order | New York 2006

Set of Law and Order C.I. | Culver City, California 2006

Set of Law and Order C.I. | Culver City, California 2006

Toddler classroom, Montessori Center School | Goleta, California 2006

Second-Floor Corridor, Santa Barbara High School | Santa Barbara, California 2006

Office of Assistant Principal for Attendance and Discipline, Santa Barbara High School | Santa Barbara, California 2006

Department of Motor Vehicles | Santa Barbara, California 2006

Movie Executive's Office | Burbank, California 2006

Communications office in a bunker below the Imperial Palace | Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 2006

Contractor's office in a former train station for departures to Mecca | Damascus, Syria 2006

Mary Boone Gallery | New York 2006

Lobby, Secret Service Headquarters | Los Angeles, California 2006

Conference room, FBI Headquarters | San Francisco, California 2006

Iraqi National Assembly (also known as Conference Room 4, Convention Center) | Baghdad, Iraq 2006

United Nations General Assembly | New York 2006

United Nations General Assembly | New York, New York 2006

United Nations Security Council Chamber | New York, New York 2006

Law Courts | Goteborg, Sweden 2006

Jury Box, Superior Court | Santa Barbara, California 2006

Superior Court | Santa Barbara, California 2006

Military Tribunal Building | Guantanamo, Cuba 2006

Los Prietos Boys' Camp | Santa Barbara, California

Dining room for Fourth Brigade, Third Infantry Division headquarters (formerly Uday Hussein's palace) | Outskirts of Baghdad, Iraq 2006

Communal room, Security Housing Unit, Pelican Bay State Prison | Crescent City, California 2006

Four Seasons Hotel | Mexico City, Mexico 2006

Communication Area, Angola State Penitentiary | Angola, Louisiana 2006

"Communication with Others" Room, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Homeland Security | San Francisco, California 2006

Confessional, Santa Barbara Mission | Santa Barbara, California 2006

Central London Mosque | London, Mosque 2006

St. Kilda Church | St. Kilda, Scotland 2006

Women's prayer area, Khaled ibn al-Walid Mosque | Homs, Syria 2006

Blue Mosque | Istanbul, Turkey 2006

Topkapi Palace | Istanbul, Turkey 2006

Guardhouse | Damascus, Syria 2006

Segregation Cells, Camp Remebrance, new Abu Ghraib prison | Abu Ghraib, Iraq 2006

Palacio de Lecumberri (former prison) | Mexico City 2006

Palacio de Lecumberri (former prison) | Mexico City, Mexico 2006

Chalk Farm tube station, Northern Line | Chalk Farm, London 2006

Guardhouse, abandoned Marine Corps post | Niland, California 2006

Inactive Nuclear Command Center | Anstruther, Scotland 2006

Prince of Wales Road | Chalk Farm, London 2006

U.S. Border Inspection station | San Ysidro, California 2006

Air Force Building, Ministry of Defense | Damascus, Syria 2006

DG Bank | Frankfurt, Germany 2006

DG Bank | Frankfurt, Germany 2006

Exit from U.S. Customs and Border Protection, L.A. International Airport | Los Angeles, California 2006

New Scotland Yard | London, England 2006

San Ysidro, California, seen from Tijuana | Tijuana, Mexico 2006

Span over and between Tijuana, Mexico, and San Ysidro, California | 2006

U.S. Customs and Border Protection | San Ysidro, California 2006

Seventieth Precinct house, New York Police Department | Brooklyn, New York 2006

View from the line-up room, Oakland Police Department | Oakland, California 2006

Line-up stage, Oakland Police Department | Oakland, California 2006

Hard Interview Room, FBI Headquarters | Los Angeles, California

Hard Interview Room, FBI Headquarters | Los Angeles, California 2006

Grand Hyatt Hotel | Berlin, Germany 2006

Interview room, Abu Ghraib prison ("hard site") | Abu Ghraib, Iraq 2006

Interview room, Robbery and Homicide Division, Parker Center, Los Angeles Police Department headquarters | Los Angeles, California 2006

Interview room, Robbery and Homicide Division, Oakland Police Department | Oakland, California 2006

Interrogation room, Delta Camp V | Guantanamo, Cuba

Interview room, Secret Service headquarters | Los Angeles, California 2006

Interview room, Santa Barbara Police Department | Santa Barbara, California 2006

Interview room, Santa Barbara Police Department | Santa Barbara, California 2006

Booking bench, Los Angeles Police Department, Fifth and Wall Street Station | Los Angeles, California 2006

Holding cells, Metropolitan Police, Collingwood Road | Hillingdon, London 2006

Holding cells, Metropolitan Police, Collingwood Road | Hillingdon, London 2006

Holding cell, Santa Barbara Police Department | Santa Barbara, California 2006

Holding cells, general population area, Security Housing Unit, Pelican Bay State Prison | Crescent City, California 2006

Isolation room ("rubber room"), US Customs and Border Protection | San Ysidro, California 2006

Holding cell, San Francisco Police Department, Northern Division | San Mateo, California 2006

Secondary Inspection and Holding area, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, S.F. International Airport | San Francisco, California 2006

Border crossing from Jordan to Syria | 2006

Isolation room ("rubber room"), exterior, Immigration and Customs Enforcement | Los Angeles, California 2006

Isolation room ("rubber room"), Immigration and Customs Enforcement | Los Angeles, California 2006

Secondary Inspection Room ("pat-down room"), U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Los Angeles International Airport | Los Angeles, California 2006

Outside courtroom, Central Criminal Court of Iraq | Baghdad, Iraq 2006

Holding cell, Khmer Rouge Prison 21 (no longer in use) | Tuol Sleng, Phnom Penh, Cambodia 2006

Cell, Eastern State Penitentiary Historic Site | Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 2006

Camp 5 | Guantanamo, Cuba 2006

Cell, Camp 5 | Guantanamo, Cuba 2006

Abandoned shower stalls, Camp X-Ray | Guantanamo, Cuba 2006

Arrow pointing to Mecca, exercise yard, Camp 3 | Guantanamo, Cuba 2006

Isolation exercise yard, Security Housing Unit, Pelican Bay State Prison | Crescent City, California 2006

Clock and phones that dial the governor's office, Angola State Penitentiary | Angola, Louisiana 2006

Lethal-injection room, Angola State Penitentiary | Angola, Louisiana 2006

Statue of Hafez al-Assad, Military Museum | Damascus, Syria 2006

Shelter under the Imperial Palace | Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 2006

Troop Billet, Camp Victory | Outside Baghdad, Iraq 2006

Dormitory, mental institution | Havana, Cuba 2006

Crusader fort | Craq du Chevalier, Syria 2006

Marine Corps Recruit Depot | San Diego, California 2006